29 Apr High blood pressure dangers for your eyes
High blood pressure occurs when your the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your blood vessels, is consistently too high. When the heart beats, it creates pressure that pushes blood through a network of blood vessels, which include arteries, veins, and capillaries. High blood pressure could be quietly causing damage that can threaten your health in various ways.
How can high blood pressure affect your eyes?
Tiny, delicate blood vessels supply blood to your eyes. Like other vessels, they, too, can be damaged by high blood pressure. Which can lead to eye disease like hypertensive retinopathy where the blood vessels in the retina get damaged as a result. The retina is the area at the back of the eye where images focus. This condition can lead to bleeding in the eye, blurred vision and complete loss of vision.
A buildup of fluid under the retina could also occur. This is called choroidopathy. Fluid builds up under your retina because of a leaky blood vessel in a layer of blood vessels under the retina. Choroidopathy (kor-oid-OP-uh-thee) can result in distorted vision or in some cases scarring that impairs vision.
Nerve damage (optic neuropathy) is a condition in which blocked blood flow damages the optic nerve. It can kill nerve cells in your eyes, which may cause bleeding within your eye or vision loss.
Changes to the vessels inside the eye can lead to permanent loss of vision. The treatment for hypertensive retinopathy is the management of systemic blood pressure. Continually high pressure within the eye can eventually damage the optic nerve and lead to eye disease like glaucoma or any mentioned above and could lead to permanent vision loss.
There is no guaranteed way to prevent hypertension. Maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and visiting your eye doctor at least once a year are smart ways tohelp guard against hypertension and other eye conditions.